Debris Removal >> How To Remove Hurricane Damage Debris In An Emerge

We agree with the initiatives FEMA is considering to improve the debris planning process. We will determine the status of this recommendation once we receive the detailed corrective action plan in FEMA s 90 day letter.Initiating Debris Operations The decisions made in the first few days after a disaster are critical in How To Remove Hurricane Damage Debris In An Emerge determining how successful a debris removal operation will be.

However, such decisions are made at a time when decision makers,primarily county and city officials, are fully occupied, if not overwhelmed, by more immediate problems such as assisting endangered residents, clearing access to hospitals and other vital routes, and How To Remove Hurricane Damage Debris In An Emerge restoring electricity, water, and other critical services.

FEMA regulations allow for reimbursement of less restrictive time and materials procedures during the first 70 hours after a disaster. FEMA strongly encourages applicants to limit time and How To Remove Hurricane Damage Debris In An Emerge materials contracts to the first 70 hours, because after that initial period applicants should have enough data to competitively procure unit price or lump sum debris removal contracts. 

Applicants that choose to use time and materials contracts beyond 70 hours may jeopardize their funding from FEMA. In order to be eligible for reimbursement, How To Remove Hurricane Damage Debris In An Emerge applicants must satisfy PA eligibility criteria throughout the entirety of the debris removal operation.

While local government officials repeatedly said how critical such reimbursement is to their often cash-strapped governments, How To Remove Hurricane Damage Debris In An Emerge many are not well prepared to comply with FEMA debris removal regulations. Poor preparedness could lead to decisions that waste significant amounts of funds, make part of debris removal operations ineligible for FEMA reimbursement, or delay debris removal. 

Despite significantly improved FEMA and state efforts to ensure that local governments are prepared for debris removal operations, How To Remove Hurricane Damage Debris In An Emerge many local governments are not well informed concerning the procedures they need to follow to establish economical and regulation-compliant debris removal operations. 

Their contracts with debris removal firms are critical to determine whether operations will be efficient, economical, and How To Remove Hurricane Damage Debris In An Emerge compliant with regulations. However, local governments can not obtain FEMA approved contracts to use as a model because FEMA policy does not provide for approved debris removal contracts. 

Debris estimates, which are important to obtain lowest-possible-cost contracts, are sometimes not reliable. Qualified FEMA staff to advise on debris removal are often not onsite early in the project when they are needed to advise on initiating operations. Local officials said the debris removal program regulations are lengthy, complex, and difficult to master, How To Remove Hurricane Damage Debris In An Emerge and FEMA staff does not always provide a consistent interpretation of debris removal regulations.

For example, this can be a problem when FEMA staff turnover results in local officials being told that the procedures that had already been approved are no longer acceptable. As a result, How To Remove Hurricane Damage Debris In An Emerge local governments often conduct debris removal operations that are not as economical as they could be and do not comply with regulations. 

Consequently, local funds and FEMA program funds are wasted on unnecessary or inappropriate debris removal expenditures, How To Remove Hurricane Damage Debris In An Emerge and local governments do not receive, or are directed to return, FEMA funds to which they believed they would be entitled. Educating Applicants Concerning Debris Removal Operations 

FEMA and state officials emphasized that a key to effective debris removal operations is providing information and How To Remove Hurricane Damage Debris In An Emerge training to state and local governments prior to disasters. FEMA offers debris management courses at the Emergency Management Institute (EMI), and FEMA regional officials have conducted regional training for those unable to attend EMI courses. 

Local officials said these courses were helpful. Others said they had been able to attend FEMA regional disaster conferences, How To Remove Hurricane Damage Debris In An Emerge which were responsive to their needs. Many of the state disaster officials we interviewed said they also provide training at the state level in debris removal operations, and that FEMA is willing to participate in such training upon request.

Several local government officials said their funding and staffing have been reduced in recent years and How To Remove Hurricane Damage Debris In An Emerge it is difficult for them to attend training conferences. Some said they had studied FEMA manuals concerning debris removal practices and FEMA policy;however, others are not prepared for the decisions they must make in the immediate aftermath of a disaster.

Initiating a Debris Removal Contract While some local governments can conduct their own debris monitoring and debris removal efforts, many must rely on contractors, especially for larger disasters. In general, to be eligible for FEMA assistance, How To Remove Hurricane Damage Debris In An Emerge operations must be conducted under a contract that complies with FEMA requirements. 

To accomplish this, some states have initiated statewide contracts for debris removal and monitoring, others provide local governments with model contracts and have authorized pre-disaster contracting, and others provide local governments with a list of state-recommended contractors. In some states, however, How To Remove Hurricane Damage Debris In An Emerge local governments have none of these advantages when faced with initiating debris removal. 

Many have not developed a debris removal plan, do not have a contract ready to offer to bidders, How To Remove Hurricane Damage Debris In An Emerge and have had no prior contact with possible contractors. Local officials said they have had up to 90 contractors contact them in the immediate aftermath of a disaster. Some contractors travel to the disaster site and repeatedly contact local officials, encouraging officials to immediately contract with their firm.

Others falsely claim to be FEMA certified or even FEMA related. Many offer to manage the entire disaster response operation and How To Remove Hurricane Damage Debris In An Emerge claim to be able to obtain the maximum amount of FEMA funding for disaster operations. Some not only offer to remove debris but also provide monitors to oversee their own efforts. 

In the face of such efforts, local governments need quick advice and assistance. In spite of these obstacles, most of the local officials we interviewed were able to get satisfactory contractors through a contracting process they considered acceptable. However, How To Remove Hurricane Damage Debris In An Emerge many have asked for a FEMA-approved standard contract to assist them in ensuring that their contracting was in full compliance with FEMA requirements. 

FEMA officials responded that it is not appropriate for FEMA to provide a preapproved contract. The local governments, not FEMA, are contracting with the debris removal and How To Remove Hurricane Damage Debris In An Emerge monitoring firms, and FEMA is not a party to the contract. 

However, FEMA will review contracts that local governments develop, and the Army Corps of Engineers (Corps)has several sample contracts available on its website. A city that used the contract review process said that both FEMA and How To Remove Hurricane Damage Debris In An Emerge the Corps provided comments on its proposed contract within hours of receiving it.

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