Debris Removal >> Best Way To Remove Flood Damage Debris

Another area where better data is needed involves comparing the use of local government employees with the use of contractors to perform various activities. Many officials believe that the overall cost of debris removal and monitoring would be reduced by using local government employees and Best Way To Remove Flood Damage Debris reimbursing municipalities for this direct labor cost for a limited period.

Conclusion The quality of FEMA’s management and oversight, especially following major disasters that overwhelm local capacity, is perhaps the key element in the success or failure of debris operations.Debris events are complex and Best Way To Remove Flood Damage Debris involve multiple private and public sector entities working together in an often chaotic post disaster environment. 

FEMA has made significant strides toward improving its management and oversight capacity, Best Way To Remove Flood Damage Debris but opportunities remain for further improvement. These opportunities involve the staffing, structure, and design of key management and oversight activities. Debris expertise is not always clearly evident in FEMA’s early response teams assigned to a disaster. 

FEMA personnel may not always be positioned in locations to optimize their oversight and control functions. Debris guidance is at times incomplete, Best Way To Remove Flood Damage Debris unclear, or ambiguous despite FEMA’s attempts to address all aspects of debris removal. A more principles-based rather than rules-based regulatory framework that allowed for increased local decision making could be an improvement over the present system. 

Finally, an integrated performance measurement framework would give FEMA and its stakeholders data and Best Way To Remove Flood Damage Debris tools to measure, analyze, and improve debris operations. Recommendations We recommend that the Associate Administrator, Response and Recovery: 

Recommendation #8: Modify disaster assistance employee deployment processes to ensure that Incident Management Assistance Teams and Best Way To Remove Flood Damage Debris other FEMA first responders include one or more debris specialists with the experience and management skills to assist communities in the crucial early stages of planning and implementing debris removal activities. 

Recommendation #9: Continue to refine cost data to determine whether having qualified FEMA or local personnel present in all debris towers, Best Way To Remove Flood Damage Debris major staging areas, and on the ground as roving monitors during significant debris-generating events would be cost-effective. Recommendation #10: Develop a performance measurement that FEMA headquarters and regional personnel can use to measure, analyze, and improve debris program performance. 

This should be designed for easy analysis of cost and performance data across regions, disasters, and contractors. Management Comments and OIG Analysis FEMA generally concurs with Recommendations #8 and #10 but does not concur with Recommendation #9. FEMA supports the intent of Recommendation #8 but believes the way to address this Best Way To Remove Flood Damage Debris issue is to ensure that there are adequate numbers of experienced employees in the disaster workforce, rather than modifying the deployment process. 

FEMA will continue its efforts to increase the size of its resource pool and speed the deployment of technical expertise to support applicants during the early stages of planning and Best Way To Remove Flood Damage Debris implementation of debris removal operations.With regard to Recommendation #9, FEMA considers its current monitoring program to be the most prudent use of FEMA’s resources and taxpayer dollars and believes it avoids unnecessary duplication of effort. 

Due to applicants using different monitoring strategies, FEMA believes it is difficult to determine the cost savings and would likely prevent the performance of a conclusive analysis of the cost-effectiveness of an increased monitoring presence as compared to FEMA’s current approach. For Recommendation #10, FEMA agrees with the need to develop a performance measurement system, Best Way To Remove Flood Damage Debris with cost and performance data, to measure, analyze and improve debris program performance. 

FEMA is currently developing a Quality Assurance/Quality Control tool that provides a framework to measure quality and Best Way To Remove Flood Damage Debris performance throughout the entire PA program. In addition, FEMA has worked to improve debris estimating and to develop automated or digital systems that will improve the collection of debris data in the field. 

FEMA is currently working to develop a cost database of unit price debris removal costs to assist PA staff and Best Way To Remove Flood Damage Debris applicants when determining whether or not a cost is reasonable. We agree with the actions FEMA has taken and is taking to develop performance measurement systems including usable cost and performance data as recommended in Recommendation #10.

We believe such a refinement of cost data should eventually result in systems that allow enhanced decision-making such as the assessment of whether increased Best Way To Remove Flood Damage Debris monitors would be cost-effective as recommended in Recommendation #9. FEMA officials would then have a sound basis for asserting that their current monitoring practice is the most prudent use of FEMA’s resources and taxpayer dollars or whether increased (or reduced) monitoring might be more fiscally sound. 

While we agree that FEMA should continue efforts to have adequate numbers of skilled and experienced employees in the disaster workforce, Best Way To Remove Flood Damage Debris we believe there is a clear need for the deployment process to be adjusted to ensure that FEMA early responders include individuals with adequate experience and management skills to assist communities in the crucial early stages of planning and implementing debris removal activities, as is recommended in Recommendation #8. 

We will determine the status of these recommendations once we receive the detailed Best Way To Remove Flood Damage Debris corrective action plan in FEMA’s 90 day letter. The purpose of this review was to determine whether opportunities exist to improve FEMA’s management and oversight of debris removal operations following major disasters. 

Specific areas we examined included regional, state, and local debris planning;contractor selection, utilization, and management; debris removal and disposal operations; debris-monitoring operations; and general program management and Best Way To Remove Flood Damage Debris reporting functions.We interviewed officials from FEMA headquarters, 10 FEMA regions, 10 states and 5 municipalities that had recently experienced a major debris-generating event, other federal organizations, public policy organizations, and academia. 

We reviewed all GAO and OIG reports issued in the past 5 years for audits and Best Way To Remove Flood Damage Debris reviews that included debris management within their scopes of work.We conducted fieldwork in the District of Columbia and Tennessee. We judgmentally selected Tennessee to review debris activities related to flooding in Nashville and other areas in central and western Tennessee. 

The May 3 to 5, 2010, Nashville flooding (FEMA DR-1909 TN) was the largest debris event during the time we were conducting fieldwork.We researched federal laws, regulations, policies, guidance,published reports, and other information related to FEMA’s Public Assistance program with an emphasis on Category A debris removal eligibility and Best Way To Remove Flood Damage Debris costs.

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