Crime Scene Cleanup >> Crime And Trauma Scene Biorecovery Training

Regulated waste must be disposed of according to federal, state, and local regulations. Place all regulated waste in closable and biohazard labeled or color-coded containers (bags). Waste, may be placed in plastic,  Crime And Trauma Scene Biorecovery Training sealable bags before disposal in a larger biohazard bag in order to reduce odor. 

When storing, handling, transporting or shipping, place all regulated waste in containers that are constructed to prevent leakage. INFECTIOUS WASTE DISPOSAL SHARPS INFECTIOUS WASTE. Crime And Trauma Scene Biorecovery Training Needles Syringes Lancets Scalpels Scissors IV Catheters Broken lass with blood Items soaked with blood; Items which would release blood or OPIM if compressed; 

Items which are caked with dried blood or OPIM which are capable of releasing these materials during handling; Crime And Trauma Scene Biorecovery Training Suction Catheters DISPOSE OF IN SHARPS CONTAINER DISPOSE OF IN REG BAGS AND INFECTIOUS WASTE CONTAINERS Other Potentially Infectious Materials (OPIM) Include: 

The following human body fluids: semen, vaginal secretions, cerebrospinal fluid, synovial fluid, pleural fluid, pericardial fluid, peritoneal fluid, amniotic fluid, saliva in dental procedures, Crime And Trauma Scene Biorecovery Training any other body fluid that is visibly contaminated with blood such as saliva or vomitus.

All body fluids in situations where it is difficult or impossible to differentiate between body fluids such as emergency response; Any unfixed tissue or organ (other than intact skin) from a human (living or dead);  Crime And Trauma Scene Biorecovery Training HIV-containing cell or tissue cultures.

Organ cultures and HIV- or HBV-containing culture medium or other solutions; and blood, organs or other tissues from experimental animals infected with HIV and HBV. Crime And Trauma Scene Biorecovery Training Body waste products such as urine and feces without blood are not considered regulated waste. 

Waste such as disposables containing non-fluid blood (i.e.: soiled sanitary napkins, dressings, gauze and cotton balls with a small amount of dried blood or other body fluids) are not Regulated waste. Crime And Trauma Scene Biorecovery Training These can be disposed of in plastic bags with regular garbage. 

Personal Protective Equipment Personal protective equipment (PPE) provides protection against exposure to infectious materials and must be routinely used when contact with blood or Crime And Trauma Scene Biorecovery Training other body fluids of any person is encountered. 

The Custodian must ensure that PPE is provided to all custodial employees and ensure that they are trained on its use for employees’ specific job classification and tasks/procedures. Crime And Trauma Scene Biorecovery Training PPE must be readily accessible and available in appropriate sizes;  PPE must be properly used, cleaned, or replaced as needed or discarded.

All personnel who administer first aid involving blood or who handle body fluids including clean-up activities must wear PPE. Selection, Care and Use of PPE  Crime And Trauma Scene Biorecovery Training Single-use gloves should be worn when direct contact with blood or OPIM is expected to occur and when handling or touching contaminated items or surfaces. 

Utility (household type) gloves may be used for housekeeping tasks such as cleaning and decontaminating after a blood spill. However, they should only be used if they are in perfect condition (i.e., no tears, cracks, punctures). Crime And Trauma Scene Biorecovery Training Hypoallergenic gloves or other similar alternatives must be made available to employees who have an allergic sensitivity to certain materials. 

Replace disposable (single use) and reusable gloves as soon as possible if they are torn, punctured or when their ability to function as a barrier is compromised. Crime And Trauma Scene Biorecovery Training Disposable (single use) gloves must not be washed for reuse. After usage, dispose of properly. 

Wear face and eye protection devices whenever splashes, sprays, splatters or droplets of blood or other fluids may be generated and eye, nose or mouth contamination can be reasonably anticipated. Crime And Trauma Scene Biorecovery Training Remove PPE prior to leaving the work area and wash all areas which may have had contact with body fluid. Hand Washing Techniques 1. Wet hands with warm running water. 

Running water is necessary to carry away dirt and debris. 2. Apply soap, lather well. 3. Wash hands, using a circular motion and light friction, for 15 to 20 seconds. Crime And Trauma Scene Biorecovery Training Include front and back surface of hands, between fingers and knuckles, around and under fingernails, and the entire wrist area. 4. Rinse hands well under warm running water. 

Point fingers down under the water so that the water drains from the wrist area to the fingertips. Crime And Trauma Scene Biorecovery Training Dry hands well with paper towels and turn off the water using the paper towel instead of bare hands. Discard paper towels in receptacle. Food preparation area should not be used for decontamination or hand washing. 

When hand washing facilities are not available, use a waterless antiseptic hand cleanser. Workplace violence has emerged nationally as a critical safety and health hazard. Crime And Trauma Scene Biorecovery Training According to the federal Bureau of Labor Statistics, homicide was the second leading cause of death in the past two years nationwide, accounting for 16% of the 6,210 fatal work injuries in 1995 and 15% of the 6,112 in 1996. 

Violence inflicted on employees comes from many sources including robbers, muggers, clients, coworkers, and even family members. Crime And Trauma Scene Biorecovery Training National data show that more than 75% of work-related homicides were perpetrated by strangers during robberies. 

Employees of retail establishments are at particular risk for workplace violence. Crime And Trauma Scene Biorecovery Training New Jersey Data In New Jersey, 277 workers were murdered on the job between 1983 and 1996. This represents 16% of the 1,743 occupational fatal injuries during this time period. The number of work-related homicides ranged from 11 in 1987 to 31 in 1991. 

Prevention strategies discussed in a variety of recent publications are often simple and of relatively low cost. Crime And Trauma Scene Biorecovery Training Homicide in the Workplace Although we have little information about the perpetrators of these crimes, more is known about their victims. The majority of the homicide victims were male (83%), of the white race (61%), and residents of New Jersey (93%). 

Their ages ranged from 16 to 79 years old, including three workers each under the age of 20 and over age 75. The murders occurred mostly between 6 p.m. and midnight. Crime And Trauma Scene Biorecovery Training Notably, 36% of the murder victims were foreign-born who worked primarily in gas stations, grocery stores, and eating places. Twenty-eight percent worked in eating places and 21% in grocery stores. 

Twenty-one taxicab drivers were homicide victims as were 17 police officers. Of the 277 work-related homicides, 175 (63%) occurred in buildings frequently accessed by the general public. Crime And Trauma Scene Biorecovery Training These buildings included retail stores, restaurants, gas stations, and other similar places. 

Information on methods of homicide shows that workers died by gunshot in 190 (69%) of the 277 incidents. Crime And Trauma Scene Biorecovery Training Handguns were used in at least 37 (13%) of these shootings. Stabbing was the cause of death in 45 (16%) of the 277 incidents. 

At least 103 (37%) of the murders occurred during robberies. It is likely that many more homicides involved robberies, especially in gas stations and other retail establishments. Crime And Trauma Scene Biorecovery Training Efforts have been made in recent years to collect more comprehensive data on workplace homicides. 

Almost one half of the 277 murdered workers was employed in the retail trade industry including 31 (11%) gas station employees. Crime And Trauma Scene Biorecovery Training Work-related homicides are part of the larger public health issue of the epidemic of violence. 

OSHA (Occupational Safety and Health Administration) has published guidelines for health-care and social service workers in an attempt to prevent violent events in these settings. Crime And Trauma Scene Biorecovery Training Also, Guidelines for Workplace Violence Prevention Programs for Night Retail Establishments have been drafted. 

(Visit their Web site - see page 11 for details or page 10 for ordering information.) Crime And Trauma Scene Biorecovery Training In June 1996, the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) issued Current Intelligence Bulletin 57 on Violence in the Workplace - Risk Factors and Prevention Strategies. 

Examples of risk factors include: Contact with the public Delivery of passengers, goods, or services. Crime And Trauma Scene Biorecovery Training Working alone or in small numbers. Guarding valuable property or possessions. Working in community-based settings. Prevention strategies included: 

Environmental Designs: cash handling policies in retail establishments, physical separation of workers from customers, visibility and lighting, access and egress, security devices, and personal protective equipment. Crime And Trauma Scene Biorecovery Training Administrative Controls: staffing plans and work practices, policies and procedures for assessing and handling threats. 

Behavioral Strategies: training in conflict resolution, recognition of hazards, use of protective equipment, and adherence to administrative controls. Crime And Trauma Scene Biorecovery Training New Jersey’s epidemic of workplace homicide is similar to the.

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