Meth Lab Cleanup >> Methamphetamine Manufacturing

Methamphetamine Manufacturing and Common Manufacturing ChemicalsIn Kentucky, the majority of known meth Methamphetamine Manufacturing labs have used the Anhydrous Ammonia also known as theBirch or Nazi method (See Figure A, Methamphetamine Manufacturing Processes). These labs areable to produce small quantities of meth in a short period of time, earning these operations the name"user labs”. This process involves the extraction of ephedrine or pseudoephedrine from variouspharmaceutical products with organic solvents.
Once extracted, the ephedrine and/or pseudoephedrineis reduced using lithium or sodium metal in anhydrous ammonia Methamphetamine Manufacturing to create methamphetamine base.Subsequent acidification with hydrochloric acid generates the desired methamphetamine-hydrochloride(HCl) product – a process referred to as "salting out".Specific hazards presented by an anhydrous ammonia lab while cooking include flammability, irritation,toxicity, and oxygen deprivation created by the concentrated ammonia atmospheres.
In addition, lithiumand sodium metals are extremely corrosive and react violently with water resulting in a fire or explosion.The other common method is the Red Phosphorous method (commonly called the "Red P" method).This production method also uses Methamphetamine Manufacturing extracted ephedrine or pseudoephedrine as their chemical precursor.However in this method, the reduction of ephedrine/pseudoephedrine occurs through a series ofchemical substitutions using hydriodic acid and red phosphorus. Due to the nature of this chemicalprocess, the "Red P” method often generates more side products and impurities that increase theproduction hazards.
 Like the anhydrous ammonia method, the final methamphetamine-HCl collectionstep involves a "salting out" process with hydrogen chloride gas. Specific hazards presented by a "Red P” lab while Methamphetamine Manufacturing cooking include the production of phosphine gaswhich is flammable, explosive, and a respiratory tract irritant, the risk of red phosphorus converting toyellow (or white) phosphorus which can ignite spontaneously in moist air, and the acutely corrosiveatmospheres due to the use of acids and sodium hydroxide. Red phosphorus: Ingredient that can be used in the manufacture of meth; the strike plate on abook of matches is a frequently used source of red phosphorus.
Related hazardous material or hazardous waste: Any hazardous waste as defined in thischapter or hazardous material as defined in KRS 174.405 that is related to the clandestineproduction of Methamphetamine Manufacturing methamphetamine.Release: The spilling, leaking, or discharging of a hazardous substance into the air, soil orsurface or ground water.Remediation: See decontamination.
Removal: The act of elimination, transfer or withdrawal of a substance from a location.Residues: Contamination that remains Methamphetamine Manufacturing at a site after cleanup has been completed.Contaminants may be left behind at a site if the concentrations are too low to cause harm, or if itis not cost-effective to remove all of the contaminants and the risks are deemed minimal.Respirator: A device designed to protect the wearer from inhalation of harmful atmospheres orair containing harmful chemicals and particulates. Respirators are required upon initial entranceinto a clandestine drug lab.
Risk: The probability that something may cause injury or harm.Route of Exposure: Way people come into contact with a hazardous substance. Threecommon routes of environmental exposure are inhalation, ingestion, or dermal contact.Semi-volatile: Substances that Methamphetamine Manufacturing slowly evaporate at normal temperatures and/or pressures.Septic System: A small scale, typically private waste management system. Most often usedfor homes/facilities in rural areas, the system usually contains a settling tank and a drainfield,which may cause groundwater contamination if not working properly.
Solvent: A liquid capable of dissolving or dispersing another substance (for example, acetone,methanol or mineral spirits). Exposure to solvents can irritate the skin, mucous membranes,respiratory tract, and cause adverse effects on the central nervous system.Source of Contamination: The place where a hazardous substance comes from, such as alandfill, waste pond, incinerator, storage tank, or drum. A source of contamination may be thefirst part of an exposure pathway. - 37 -Sources of Airborne Particulates include dust, combustion products associated with motorvehicle or non-road engine exhausts, emissions Methamphetamine Manufacturing from industrial processes, combustion productsfrom the burning of wood and coal, and reactions of gases in the atmosphere.Structure: A dwelling, building, or other constructed or pre-fabricated enclosure.
Non-occupied (Non-occupancy) Structure: A structure not intended for primary occupancy bypeople. These structures include but are not limited to detached garages, barns, pole barns,sheds, outbuildings, silos and chicken coops.Occupied (Occupancy) Structure: A structure, where occupants inhabit for an indeterminateamount of time, as to where they would be exposed to substances. These structures include Methamphetamine Manufacturing but are not limited to a residential structure, such as a house, apartment, or manufactured home andany structure on the property that has a similar potential for exposure including child playhouses,etc. Any structure that is attached to an occupancy structure such as an attached garage isconsidered part of that structure.
 Any structure that, in the future, might be converted to anoccupancy structure should be cleaned as such.Substance: A material of a particular kind or chemical constitution that is deemed harmful andusually subject to legal restriction.Surface Material: Any porous or Methamphetamine Manufacturing nonporous substance common to the interior of a building orstructure, including but not limited to ceilings and walls, window coverings, floor and floorcoverings, counters, furniture, heating and cooling duct work, and any other surface to whichinhabitants of the building or structure may be exposed.Surface Water: Water on the surface of the earth, such as in lakes, rivers, streams and ponds.Surrogate: A substitute.
Toxic Agent: Chemical or physical (for example, radiation, heat, cold, microwaves) agents,which under certain circumstances of exposure, may cause adverse health effects to livingorganisms.Vapor: The Methamphetamine Manufacturing gaseous phase of a substance that is normally liquid or solid. Some hazardoussubstances can vaporize (become vapor) while in the soil or groundwater, filling air spaces in thesoil or intruding into overlying buildings.Ventilation: To circulate air, typically replacing stale or noxious air with fresh air. This is arequired first step in the decontamination process.
Volatile: Evaporating readily at normal temperatures and pressures. Volatile substances canbe readily vaporized.Volatile Methamphetamine Manufacturing Compounds (VOCs): Compounds that are in most cases organic in composition andevaporate readily into the air. VOCs include substances such as benzene and toluene, whichcan be used in the manufacturing of meth. Ammonia is also considered a volatile compound butis inorganic.

Radon Element

Note: If you are a former smoker, your risk may be higher. Lifetime risk of lung cancer deaths from EPA Assessment of Risks from Radon Mitigation Radon Element in Homes (EPA 402-R-03-003). Comparison data calculated using the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's 1999-2001 National Center for Injury Prevention and Con  read more..

Water Damage Carpet Cleaning Techniques

External and internal surveys were done to help assess Ohio's science needs. External surveys consisted of a written questionnaire sent to agency personnel who partner Water Extraction Water Damage Carpet Cleaning Techniques or otherwise collaborate (or have the potential to collaborate) with the USGS Ohio Water Science Center; in some case  read more..

House Water Leaks

This fact sheet will help you identify and locate water leaks in your home or business. Repairing water leaks is a great way to reduce the use of water that is just being wasted. It's Only a Small Drip...Right? Slow drips of water can add up quickly. A toilet that "keeps running" after you flush or   read more..

Wind Damage

During severe thunderstorms, tornadoes or hurricanes, homes may be Emergency Board up Wind Damage or destroyed by high winds. Debris that is flying through the air can break windows and splinter doors, allowing the high winds inside the home. In extreme wind storms, the force of the wind damage alone can cause weak ar  read more..

Removing Lead Pipes

Lead can enter drinking water through corrosion of plumbing materials, especially where the water has high acidity or low mineral content that corrodes pipes and fixtures. Homes built before 1986 are more likely to have lead pipes, fixtures and solder. However, new homes are also at risk: Lead Paint Removal Removing Lead Pipes even   read more..

Grants For Storm Damage Tree Removal

Kauai, Hawaii, Hurricane Iniki struck the Hawaiian island of Kauai in September 1992. The storm generated more than 5 million cubic yards of debris, seven years' worth of Kauai's normal refuse, for a landfill with less than four years of remaining capacity. Kauai needed the four years  read more..

General Mold Cleanup Procedures

General Mold Cleanup Procedures Identify and correct the moisture source Clean, disinfect, and dry the moldy area Bag and dispose any material that has moldy residues, such as rags, paper, leaves, or debris What can I save? What should I toss? Substances that are porous and can trap molds, such as p  read more..

How To Treat Bathroom Mold

Most of us have seen mold or moisture around the home. But did you know that mold is alive? It grows on wet or damp surfaces. It is often gray or black   read more..

Grants For Hurricane Damage Tree Removal

Metro-Dade County used different communications strategies for each stage of the debris management effort. In the days following the hurricane, city officials gave about 10 television and radio interviews each day, in which they asked residents to carry their garbage to the nearest cleared stre  read more..

How To Get Rid Of Standing Water In A Crawl Space

Chemical preservative treatment against decay is especially likely to repay its cost for porches, outside steps, and railings made of wood of low natural durability. Crawl Space Drying How To Get Rid Of Standing Water In A Crawl Space There are commercial impregnation treatments available for wood to be painted. 

When a  read more..