Lead Paint Removal >> Dust From Removing Lead Paint

Get Ahead of Lead! Encapsulants: A Teachnique to Control Lead Paint Hazards A complete copy of the Get Ahead of Lead! Encapsulants: A Technique to Control Lead Paint Hazards brochure is available in Adobe Portable Document Format (PDF, 175 KB). Lead-based paint is a health hazard to children and adults because the dust chips and Dust From Removing Lead Paint fumes can be ingested or inhaled. 

In 1978, the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission limited the amount of lead allowed in paint. Any surface painted before that year has the potential to be a lead hazard.Lead paint hazards can be controlled in several ways: Doors and windows containing lead paint can be replaced, Dust From Removing Lead Paint paint can be removed utilizing a method that minimizes dust and fumes, or surfaces can be covered with hard materials, such as sheet rock or paneling.

The use of encapsulants is also available as a technique to prevent exposure to lead-based paint. The instructions and guidance of the manufacturers must be followed to test, prepare and apply these products.What are encapsulants? Encapsulants are materials that are applied over lead-based paint to seal the paint to a surface and Dust From Removing Lead Paint prevent the release of paint chips or dust. 

The material may be either a liquid or Dust From Removing Lead Paint an adhesive. Encapsulation provides a barrier between the paint and the environment. Conventional paint is NOT an encapsulant. How do encapsulants work? Encapsulants cover lead paint so that the paint cannot produce dangerous dust, and humans cannot come into contact with it. 

Encapsulants work best on clean, dry and solid surfaces. Encapsulants cannot be used on the following:Surfaces that are walked on; Dust From Removing Lead Paint Surfaces that rub together; Surfaces that are badly deteriorated.Are encapsulants all the same? There are three types of encapsulants: There are polymers (chemical compounds) that form a flexible, resilient membrane. 

They are applied with a brush, roller, or airless spray gun.There are epoxy or polyurethane polymers that form a membrane with a hard, Dust From Removing Lead Paint but flexible, surface. They are applied with a brush, roller, or airless spray gun.There are cement-like materials with polymers that cure to form a thick coating. They are generally applied with a trowel.

How do I decide to use an encapsulant? There are several points to consider before using an encapsulant: You must follow the manufacturer's Dust From Removing Lead Paint guidelines for testing, preparation and application. The person performing the on-site testing to determine appropriate surfaces for encapsulants must meet standards set by the manufacturer.

Although encapsulants offer permanent protection from lead-based paint, they must be periodically inspected and repaired, if damaged.You must use different encapsulants in different situations. Follow the manufacturers' recommendations and instructions. Encapsulation, Dust From Removing Lead Paint or any other measures used to control conditions related to lead poisoning, must have prior approval by the state or local department of health.

When covering lead paint, some thicker encapsulants may also destroy architectural detail, especially on moldings. Encapsulants must be applied by a person who has met the manufacturers' specifications. Contact the manufacturer for specific criteria. The only permanent solutions that do not require periodic maintenance and inspection include replacement of doors and windows, or Dust From Removing Lead Paint complete removal of lead paint.

How do I find out which encapsulants are acceptable for use in New York State? Call your local health department or the state Department of Health's Housing Hygiene Unit at 518-402-7600.The state Health Department issues an "Acceptable Encapsulant Product List." Consult the Dust From Removing Lead Paint list for encapsulant product names. 

Products on this list meet the safety and performance standards of the American Society for Testing and Materials Standard.What surfaces are suitable for encapsulation?The suitable surfaces should have the following characteristics: Dry and Dust From Removing Lead Paint free of grime, dirt, dust, grease, charring, smoke residue (especially cigarette or hydrocarbon), mildew, or other contaminants. 

Water-based encapsulants will tolerate damp, but not wet, surfaces without losing their most important properties.Free of water leaks.Non-glossy. High-gloss surfaces can be deglossed with chemical deglossers or Dust From Removing Lead Paint wet sanding before encapsulation.In architecturally sound condition.Undamaged (i.e., no holes or large cracks in walls). 

Damaged areas must be repaired prior to encapsulation.What surfaces are not suitable for encapsulation? "Friction" and high profile (i.e., protruding window sills) surfaces are not suitable, Dust From Removing Lead Paint regardless of their condition. Friction surfaces include window jambs; glides; headers; some stops and parting beads; inside, close-fitting door jambs and stops; floors; stair treads; and thresholds. 

Cabinets with friction surfaces, such as drawers and cabinet doors, should be examined before encapsulation. Where friction exists, planing or Dust From Removing Lead Paint smoothing of the surfaces is recommended.What are the advantages of using encapsulants? Residents may not need to leave the building during surface preparation and application if dust is not released. 

Occupants should never be in the immediate work area (i.e., same room) during application.If a surface with lead paint is intact, it may be possible to apply an encapsulant without surface preparation.Use of encapsulants may be less costly, Dust From Removing Lead Paint more time saving and safer than other methods.What are the disadvantages of using encapsulants?

There is limited experience or Dust From Removing Lead Paint information on long-term performance of encapsulants. Encapsulants cannot be used on surfaces that experience abrasion or constant friction. Encapsulants may prematurely wear on a surface that experiences repeated impact, such as door stops, window stops and stair treads.

Encapsulants may peel off improperly prepared surfaces that have old undercoats of paint. Encapsulants must be tested on-site before application. Encapsulants require periodic inspection for repair or Dust From Removing Lead Paint maintenance. Water from roof leaks or broken pipes may damage encapsulants. Encapsulants must be applied when the air temperature and relative humidity are within specified ranges. 

Lead is a metal found naturally occurring in the earth. It had been used for centuries in many products and Dust From Removing Lead Paint materials before its effects were known. Its use in paint, plumbing, and gasoline has contributed to widespread public health concern. Why is lead exposure a health concern? Lead acts as a poison if it enters the human body. 

Once lead gets into the body, it can stay there for a long time. It is stored in three places: the blood, organs and bones. Lead stays in the blood for about a month, in organs for several months, but it can remain in the bones for years. It affects the brain and nervous system, reproductive capabilities, Dust From Removing Lead Paint the kidneys, the digestive system and the body's ability to make blood.

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