Smoke Damage >> Earthquake Damage

This article is on the subject of Earthquake Damage from an investigation on the education of dangerous defense techniques for water restoration companies. One important factor is to think about earthquake and earthquake caused dangers like fire and smoke. This article is concentrated on an earthquake and succeeding fire dangers. Reports from past earthquakes have shown that many times the damage caused by the succeeding fire.

  1. This kind of Earthquake Damage can be much more severe than the actual damage caused by the earthquake itself. This is very true both for a single structure and for an entire area. This article presents a review of an ongoing report on this subject by comparing both a single structure and entire regional levels. At the single structure level, a performance-based research process for structures involving earthquake and the succeeding fire is suggested. This process will consist of four different steps: danger research, physical and/or non-physical examines, Earthquake Damage research and loss research.
  2. One of the key points in this process is that physical and/or non-physical examines are recurrent because the earthquake and the succeeding fire are two different dangers happening consecutively. After the earthquake, the actual condition of the structure needs to be assessed, in which three types of damage must be thought about: Earthquake Damage to the structures, damage to fire defense of physical members and fire damage to the non-physical fire defense system. Reevaluating the fire danger is also very important because the damage to the fire defense systems might affect the progress of the fire danger. At the entire regional degree, a conservative based method for earthquake danger mitigation is being created.
  3. This Earthquake Damage technique tries to offer an option support tool for allocation and directing optimization of emergency personnel after earthquake contemplating the geographic division of lit fires and possible injuries, the locations of emergency healthcare facilities, like emergency rooms, fire stations and police station. A particular example on preferred routing for fire emergency vehicles is exemplified. In seismic regions, post-earthquake fire damage is an intimidating danger. Previous records have shown that the Earthquake Damage caused by the succeeding fire many times can be much more severe than the actual damage caused by the earthquake itself, like the 1906 San Francisco Earthquake, the 1923 Great Kanto Earthquake.
  4. The fires succeeding these two massive earthquakes ranked among the two largest cease-fire city fires. The fires following the 1906 San Francisco Earthquake demolished more than 28,000 structures within an area of 12 km2, with a calculated loss of $250 million in 1906 US dollars, and there were more than 3,000 people killed. In that particular earthquake, it is calculated that the overall loss from the post-earthquake fire damage is 10 times more than that from the actual earthquake. In the 1923 Tokyo earthquake, there were more than 140,000 people killed and 575,000 structures demolished, with 77% of them were devastated by fire. In later earthquakes, the 1995 Kobe earthquake is probably the most outstanding one. The fire ignitions resulted in many more lives lost and a massive Earthquake Damage loss.

OSHA Lead Paint In Construction Standard

In the OSHA Lead in Construction Standard, manual sanding is listed as a work method that, in the absence of previous exposure data, is initially presumed to expose employees to lead in excess of 50 mg/m3 but not in excess of 500 mg/m3 . However, the arithmetic mean for the nine 30-min exposures in   read more..

Replace Lead Painted Windows And Save

This analysis estimates incremental costs, benefits and net benefits of replacing all original windows (i.e., single-pane windows not already replaced since the 1978 lead paint ban), relative to the costs and benefits of repairing some windows to satisfy HUD regulations related to friction and   read more..

Lead Removal Debris Removal

Lead-based house paint was commonly used in homes up until the late 1970s, and was particularly usual before the 1950s. The most customary places to find lead-based house paint are places where high strength is needed, like doors, door frames, windows, woodwork, and furniture. Lead-based house paint  read more..

Clean Up Raw Sewage Carefully

This handbook has been prepared by the City of LaSalle to explain the causes of sewer backups that occur in the Sewage Cleanup Clean Up Raw Sewage Carefully City during sever rainstorms and to describe steps that are available to homeowners to prevent backups and to protect the contents of their house. 

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Ceiling Leak Mold From Pipe Break

However, this relationship could not be proven by experimental investigations on other materials. Scheffler (2008)showed measurement results for a calcium silicate insulation material and a ceramic brick. Both materials have a distinct first drying phase. All results indicated a linear relationship   read more..

Questions On Health Risks Of Cleaning Smoke And Fi

Once the immediate danger of a wildfire has passed, people have questions about indoor air quality in unburned homes in or near the fire zone. A major concern is the potential for toxins and other contaminants in the soot and ash that may be deposited in homes from nearby burned structures, Fire Damage Questions On Health Risks Of Cleaning Smoke And Fi and  read more..

Radon Transform

RADON TRANSFORM MITIGATION STANDARDS 1.0 BACKGROUND The 1988 Indoor Radon transform Abatement Act (IRAA) required the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to develop a voluntary program to evaluate and provide information on contractors who offer radon transform Radon Mitigation Radon Transform control services to h  read more..

How To Remove Smoke Odor From A Kitchen Fire

Comparison of Fire Performance and Corrosion Work by Chapin et al. [25] evaluated the ability of a variety of standard test methods to evaluate the impact of smoke from local area network (LAN) cables on electrical equipment. Their concern was that the specialized and controlled nature of these test  read more..

Flood Water Cleanup

What if I have already consumed potentially contaminated water? Illness is possible, especially for people that already have a chronic illness or may have compromised immune systems, for example, from AIDS or cancer treatments. This is why Water Damage Flood Water Cleanup boil water notices are issued. 
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Water Extraction Equipment For Upholstery Cleaning

FEMA Grant Helps Restore New Orleans' Katrina-Damaged Archives Release date: FEBRUARY 3, 2012 Release Number:1603-963 NEW ORLEANS, La. 

The Federal Emergency Management Agency announced today approximately $1.7 million in public assistance funding to restore New Orle  read more..