Wind Damage >> Wind Proof Your House

During a hurricane, homes may be damaged or destroyed by high winds and high waves. Debris can break windows and doors, allowing high winds inside the home. In extreme storms, Wind Proof Your House such as Hurricane Andrew, the force of the wind alone can cause weak places in your home to fail. 

After Hurricane Andrew, a team of experts examined homes that had failed and ones that had survived. They found four areas that should be checked for weakness—the roof, windows, Wind Proof Your House doors, and if you have one, garage door. In this brochure, we discuss some things you can do to help make your home stronger before the next hurricane strikes. 

You may need to make some improvements or install temporary wind protection. It is important that you do these projects now, before a hurricane threatens. While these projects, Wind Proof Your House if done correctly, can make your home safer during a hurricane, they are no guarantee that your home won’t be damaged or even destroyed. 

If you are told by authorities to evacuate, do so immediately, even if you have taken these precautions. The Roof During a windstorm, Wind Proof Your House the force of the wind pushes against the outside of your home. That force is passed along from your roof to the exterior walls and finally to the foundation. 

Homes can be damaged or destroyed when the energy from the wind is not properly transferred to the ground. The first thing you should do is determine what type of roof you have. Homes with gabled roofs are more likely to suffer damage during a hurricane. A gabled roof looks like an A on the ends, Wind Proof Your House with the outside wall going to the top of the roof (see Figure 1). 

The end wall of a home with a gabled roof takes a beating during a hurricane, and those that are not properly braced can collapse, Wind Proof Your House causing major damage to the roof. Figure 1. Gabled Roof In most homes, gabled roofs are built using manufactured trusses. 

Sheets of roof sheathing, often plywood, are fastened to the trusses with nails or staples, and roofing material is fastened to the sheathing. In many cases, Wind Proof Your House the only thing holding the trusses in place is the plywood on top. This may not be enough to hold the roof in place during a hurricane. Installing additional truss bracing makes your roof’s truss system much stronger. 

To inspect your roof’s bracing, go into the attic. While working in your attic, you should wear clothing that covers your skin, work gloves, a hat, eye protection, and a dust mask. If your attic does not have a floor, Wind Proof Your House be careful to walk only on the wood joists, or install boards wide enough to walk on as you work. Notice how the plywood is attached to the truss system. 

If most of the large nails or staples coming through the sheathing have missed the trusses, consider having the sheathing properly installed. Figure 2. Truss Bracing Truss bracing In gabled roofs, Wind Proof Your House truss bracing usually consists of 2´ 4s that run the length of the roof. If you do not have truss bracing, it should be installed. You can do this yourself or hire a professional. 

Install 2´ 4s the length of your roof, overlapping the ends of the 2´ 4s across two trusses (see Figure 2). Braces should be installed 18 inches from the ridge, in the center span, Wind Proof Your House and at the base, with 8 to 10 feet between the braces. Use two 3-inch, 14-gauge wood screws or two 16d (16 penny) galvanized common nails at each truss. 

Because space in attics is generally limited, screws may be easier to install. 1 Gable end bracing Gable end bracing consists of 2´ 4s placed in an "X” pattern from the top center of the gable to the bottom center brace of the fourth truss, Wind Proof Your House and from the bottom center of the gable to the top center brace of the fourth truss (see Figure 3). 

Use two 3-inch, 14-gauge wood screws or two 16d galvanized common nails to attach the 2´ 4s to the gable and to each of the four trusses. Gable End Bracing Hurricane straps There are many types of roof design. Regardless of your type of roof, Wind Proof Your House hurricane straps are designed to help hold your roof to the walls. While you are in the attic, inspect for hurricane straps of galvanized metal (see Figure 4). 

Hurricane straps may be difficult for homeowners to install. You may need to call a professional to retrofit your home with hurricane straps. Check with your local government building officials to see if hurricane straps are required in your area. Figure 4. Hurricane Straps 2 Exterior Doors and Windows The exterior walls, Wind Proof Your House doors, and windows are the protective shell of your home. 

If your home’s protective shell is broken, high winds can enter and Wind Proof Your House put pressure on your roof and walls, causing damage. You can protect your home by strengthening the doors and windows. Double entry doors Most double doors have an active and an inactive or fixed door (see Figure 5). 

Check to see how the fixed door is secured at the top and bottom. The bolts or Wind Proof Your House pins that secure most doors are not strong enough. Some door manufacturers provide reinforcing bolt kits made specifically for their doors. Check with your local building supplies retailer to find out what type of bolt system will work for your door. 

The door bolt materials should cost from $10 to $40, Wind Proof Your House depending on the type and finish. Doors with windows will need additional protection from flying debris. See the section on storm shutters for how to protect windows. 

For more information on protecting your home from hurricane wind damage, contact your local building official; your local building supply retailer; or a building professional, Wind Proof Your House such as an engineer, architect, or experienced contractor.

Tenant Rights Security Deposit

The tenant should itemize all problems or damage found in the rental unit within five days after they receive the list and return the list to the landlord. Tenants should look for faded paint, carpet that is worn or has visible furniture marks, dirty blinds, faded curtains, holes in walls, carpet o  read more..

How Could A Sewage Backup Affect Me

Important Answers to Your Questions From Fairfax County’s Waste water Management Program Q How could a sewage backup affect me? Sewer backups result from a blockage in the county’s sanitary sewer line or Sewage Cleanup How Could A Sewage Backup Affect Me the private sewer line that connects your home to the county system. If a blockage occurs  read more..

Emergency Window Board Up

The following procedures and guidelines have been developed by the Division of Capital Asset Management and Maintenance (DCAM) to assist other State Agencies (Agency) with their responsibility to properly secure buildings and structures that they no longer occupy. It is the responsibility of the Age  read more..

Roof Leak Detection

Moldy surfaces should be cleaned first and then disinfected; some products do both in a single step. In all cases, mold spores should be removed as completely as possible since killing them does not eliminate their toxicity or allergenic properties.Application of Cleaners are most efficiently a  read more..

Clean Your Things Of Smoke And Soot After A House

The department’sReadyCampaign, AARP, Red Cross and NOD developed two new brochures highlighting the key preparedness steps older and disabled Americans and their families and Fire Damage Clean Your Things Of Smoke And Soot After A House caretakers should take before emergencies occur.

The NFPA also announced its newEmergency Evacuat  read more..

Mold Problems Cause Asthma

Anyone can have asthma, including infants and adolescents. The tendency to develop asthma is often inherited; in other words, asthma can be more common in certain families. Moreover, certain environmental factors, such as viral infections, may bring the onset of asthma. Other environmental factors,   read more..

How To Start A Business Cleaning Trash Out Of For

Using a charge or threat of criminal trespass against tenants in order to evict them without the benefit of a court hearing is an abuse of the law. Police who participate in such an action may be guilty of official misconduct.108 In such cases, Tenant Move Out Cleanup How To Start A Business Cleaning Trash Out Of For tenants may sue both the landlord and th  read more..

Lead Paint Protection Requirements

Lead standard provides for a multiple physician review in cases where the employee wishes a second opinion concerning potential lead poisoning or toxicity. If an employee wishes a second opinion, he or she can make an appointment with a physician of his or her choice. This second physician will revi  read more..

Once A Hurricane Or Major Storm Hits

Once a hurricane or major storm hits, it's too late to protect your home and property. But there are things you can do now to limit future wind damage. Some are fairly simple and inexpensive; others will require a contractor. You'll need to consider the characteristics of your home, Wind Damage Once A Hurricane Or Major Storm Hits y  read more..

Vermiculite Insulation

Protect Your Family from Asbestos Abatement Vermiculite Insulation Asbestos-Contaminated Vermiculite insulation Insulation This page provides important information on how to protect yourself and your family i  read more..