Wind Damage >> Hurricane Damage Causing Tree Removal

This office reported that its applicants had "passed every decision through layers of FEMA approvals" at the time the original disaster cleanup was under way, and it was only informed years later that certain vegetative debris removal was ineligible for reimbursement. Several applicants have Hurricane Damage Causing Tree Removal encountered problems with tipping fees.

FEMA reimburses tipping fees to compensate applicants for the Tipping fees are fees that landfills charge to cover their operating and maintenance costs. FEMA's Oversight and Management of Debris Removal Operations Page 31 Hurricane Damage Causing Tree Removal diminished capacity of a landfill resulting from the disposal of disaster-generated debris. 

FEMA disallowed $7.7 million in tipping fee charges in an Alabama county based on the argument that the applicant based tipping fees on the volume of raw vegetative debris Hurricane Damage Causing Tree Removal instead of the diminished volume of burned debris. 

FEMA challenged tipping fees in a Tennessee county because different rates had been applied for in-county and out-of county debris removal contractors per the county's customary practice. We reviewed the latest FEMA guidance and found only two limited references to tipping fees; Hurricane Damage Causing Tree Removal neither addressed the above issues. 

Recent controversies in Kentucky and New York have centered on the appropriateness of debris removal costs; Hurricane Damage Causing Tree Removal in both cases FEMA disputed the costs paid to contractors for debris removal even though the costs were arrived at through competitive bidding. 

While competitive procurement usually establishes that the debris removal rates are reasonable, Hurricane Damage Causing Tree Removal it does not establish that a contractor removed only eligible debris. Nor does it ensure that proper documentation exists to substantiate an applicant's claim. No Substitute for FEMA "Boots on the Ground" 

There is widespread agreement among state and local officials that a visible FEMA presence at a disaster site has a direct impact on reducing fraud and Hurricane Damage Causing Tree Removal abuse. A commonly cited example involves load calls from debris monitors in towers. 

Debris specialists and public assistance officials said when no FEMA employee is present, incoming trucks are virtually all recorded at or near 100% capacity, Hurricane Damage Causing Tree Removal but as soon as a FEMA employee or official representative is in the tower, the load calls drop to 60% to 70%. These anecdotal observations were supported by findings from a FEMA after-action report: 

During the early stages of this disaster, the limited availability of DAEs and TACs [Technical Assistance Contractors] prevented FEMA from manning the debris towers. Due to this applicant monitors made higher calls. This Hurricane Damage Causing Tree Removal resulted in a 15 to 20% increase in debris costs statewide. Most of the calls were between 90 to 100%. 

If available personnel could be quickly deployed FEMA would have saved $20 million on this disaster alone.6 6 FEMA Remedial Action Issue 1791-I-47, Event # 1781-DR-TX, Texas Hurricane Ike, Hurricane Damage Causing Tree Removal March 31, 2010. FEMA's Oversight and Management of Debris Removal Operations Page 32 Delayed Project Closeouts Exacerbate Problems 

A key debris management and oversight issue is the need to estimate, scope, and close out projects appropriately and timely. Numerous officials reported that waste, Hurricane Damage Causing Tree Removal fraud, and abuse tend to multiply toward the end of debris projects, when the debris mission starts winding down and contractors become "more creative in filling their trucks." 

This is a theme that cuts across all PA program areas and has been addressed by us, Hurricane Damage Causing Tree Removal the Government Accountability Office (GAO), and others. Our recent report7 identified a number of recommendations for closing out disasters more promptly and efficiently. 

Developing a Performance Measurement Framework Although FEMA spends hundreds of millions of dollars a year to support, plan, and implement debris removal programs across the country, Hurricane Damage Causing Tree Removal there is no integrated performance measurement framework to manage and provide oversight over this complex activity. 

A contractor has been hired to develop an improved tracking system. Ideally, program managers would have access to information to measure, Hurricane Damage Causing Tree Removal analyze, and improve program performance. 

An integrated performance measurement system would enable managers to compare performance in different regions, under different scenarios, Hurricane Damage Causing Tree Removal to provide fact-based information to partners and stakeholders regarding costs, contractor and partner performance, effectiveness, efficiency, and other factors determined to be important to future decision making. 

The need for a performance measurement framework surfaced at a number of states and localities. Officials said it would be helpful to have historical and Hurricane Damage Causing Tree Removal comparative cost data to assist in the evaluation and selection of debris removal and monitoring contractors. 

FEMA is working with a contractor to develop a cost model database that states and communities can use to compare prices of specific items, Hurricane Damage Causing Tree Removal which will make the market for debris removal and monitoring services more open and transparent. 

Another area where better data is needed involves comparing the use of local government employees with the use of contractors to perform various Hurricane Damage Causing Tree Removal activities. Many officials believe that the overall cost of debris removal and monitoring would be reduced by using 7 Opportunities to Improve FEMA's Disaster Closeout Process, OIG-10-49, January 2010. 

FEMA's Oversight and Management of Debris Removal Operations Page 33 local government employees and Hurricane Damage Causing Tree Removal reimbursing municipalities for this direct labor cost for a limited period. Conclusion 

The quality of FEMA's management and oversight, especially following major disasters that overwhelm local capacity, Hurricane Damage Causing Tree Removal is perhaps the key element in the success or failure of debris operations. Debris events are complex and involve multiple private and public sector entities working together in an often chaotic post disaster environment. 

FEMA has made significant strides toward improving its management and oversight capacity, but opportunities remain for further improvement. These opportunities involve the staffing, structure, and Hurricane Damage Causing Tree Removal design of key management and oversight activities. Debris expertise is not always clearly evident in FEMA's early response teams assigned to a disaster. 

FEMA personnel may not always be positioned in locations to optimize their oversight and control functions. Debris guidance is at times incomplete, Hurricane Damage Causing Tree Removal unclear, or ambiguous despite FEMA's attempts to address all aspects of debris removal. 

A more principles-based rather than rules-based regulatory framework that allowed for increased local decision making could be an improvement over the present system. Finally, Hurricane Damage Causing Tree Removal an integrated performance measurement framework would give FEMA and its stakeholders data and tools to measure, analyze, and improve debris operations.

DIV Carpet Cleaning From Floods

When drying surface, free and bound water: o Two-day duration quantity equals 50% of the day 1 total number of air moverso Three-day duration sum of air movers for day 2 and 3 equals number for day 1 When drying bound water only the number of air movers per day should remain Structural Drying DIV Carpet Cleaning From Floods the sa  read more..

Black Mold

Skin and Eye Protection Gloves are required to protect the skin from contact with mold allergens (and in some cases black mold toxins) Mold Remediation Black Mold and from potentially irritating cleaning solutions. Long gloves that extend to the middle of the forearm are recommended. The glove material shou  read more..

OSHA Requirements For Crime Scene Cleanup

Fourth, the fact that nursing homes are subject to infection control requirements imposed by the Health Care Financing Administration (HCFA) of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services under the Medicare and Crime Scene Cleanup OSHA Requirements For Crime Scene Cleanup Medicaid programs and to infection control requirements of states doe  read more..

How To Plan For A Flood

You and your family have been through a disaster. Your life has been turned upside down, and it will take time for things to return to normal. Take a few minutes to review the safety and Flood Damage How To Plan For A Flood health precautions listed at the top of this document. 

Also, you should watch out for sympt  read more..

Dispose Of Lead Paint Chips

The permissible exposure limit(PEL) set by the standard is 50 micrograms of lead per cubic meter of air (50 µg/m3), averaged over an 8-hour workday. E. Action level: The interim final standard establishes an action level of 30 micrograms of lead per cubic meter of air(30 µg/m3), averaged   read more..

How To Handle Dirty Tenants

Resolving disputesA landlord and tenant can agree to mediation or binding arbitration to resolve disputes between them. If both parties want to mediate or arbitrate disputes, they should include in the rental agreement (or in an addendum to it) specific details of the types of disputes to be resolve  read more..

How To Clean Up A Flooded Basement

Basement flooding caused by saturated ground can be corrected by installing a footing drain around the foundation (see illustration below). The drain collects groundwater and directs it to a sump. Basement Drying How To Clean Up A Flooded Basement When the sump fills, water is pumped out, usually onto the ground away from the building. Dep  read more..

Fire Damage

A fire can be devastating in the amount of damage left behind could be enormous, in some cases a home is completely destroyed and must be Debris Removal Fire Damage. It seems like in every case of fire that there is some sort of debris that must be removed and thrown away. Even in the case of a partial fire, most   read more..

Tree Removal

Once the envelope of the structure has been penetrated during loss of windows or doors, or because of roof damage, wind force on interior surfaces and structures becomes an issue. Openings may cause pressurization or depressurization of a Wind Damage Tree Removal structure. Pressurization drives wall boards and sheathi  read more..

How To Recover Documents From Fire Damage

Holes or paper losses may be filled individually with Japanese paper, with paper pulp, or with a paper carefully chosen to match the original in weight, texture, and color. The latter is the most time-consuming (and consequently the most expensive) option, Document restoration How To Recover Documents From Fire Damage usually reserved for works o  read more..