Lead Paint Removal >> Lead Hazards At Indoor Firing Ranges

Lead Hazards At Indoor Firing Ranges There are approximately 70 commercial indoor firing ranges in California. The majority are small operations, often family-run, that offer instruction and target practice to competitive and Lead Hazards At Indoor Firing Ranges recreational shooters. Many cities also run firing ranges for law enforcement officers. 

Cal/OSHA requires range owners to have an active lead safety program to prevent employees from becoming lead poisoned. Exposure to airborne and settled lead dust at the firing range puts employees, instructors and customers atrisk of lead poisoning. In one case, Lead Hazards At Indoor Firing Ranges an employee at a range in Northern California was found to have severe lead poisoning with a blood lead level of 76 µg/dl. 

Over an 18 month period, the Occupational Lead Poisoning Prevention Program of the California Department of Health Services worked intensively with 7 indoorfiring ranges that had serious lead poisoning problems. LEAD HAZARDS AT THE RANGE Shooters using ammunition with lead primers or Lead Hazards At Indoor Firing Ranges lead bullets (and anyone spending time at the firing line) are exposed to lead fumes in the "gun smoke" that is released into the air when the gun is fired. 

Workers are exposed to lead when they clean the range, clean guns, or Lead Hazards At Indoor Firing Ranges empty the bullet trap. Dry sweeping of the range causes settled lead dust to become airborne. Workers who clean bullet traps by pouring or shoveling bullet debris into waste buckets are also exposed to very high levels of airborne lead dust. 

Workers who eat, drink or smoke without washing up before meals and breaks can swallow lead dust that has settled on their hands, lunchroom surfaces, or Lead Hazards At Indoor Firing Ranges food and drink. THE HEALTH EFFECTS OF LEAD EXPOSURE Lead harms the brain, nerves,red blood cells, kidneys and reproductive systems of both men and women. 

Adults who are lead poisoned may feel tired, irritable or get aches and Lead Hazards At Indoor Firing Ranges pains. They can also develop serious health problems without knowing it. Lead can build up in the body and stay there for years. STRATEGIES FOR PREVENTING LEAD POISONING ON THE JOB The following are the basic elements of a lead safety program forindoorfiring ranges. 

Reduce the use of lead-containing ammunition. Require the use of jacketed or dipped ammunition, with non-lead primers, Lead Hazards At Indoor Firing Ranges to reduce airborne lead in the range. Some ranges require in-house use of such ammunition and sell it at the retail counter. Control exposure through ventilation. Good ventilation can significantly reduce airborne lead levels at the firing line. 

Supplied air should move steadily across all shooting booths, carrying the gunsmoke away from the shooter's face and directly down the range where it is exhausted,filtered, and Lead Hazards At Indoor Firing Ranges discharged. General building ventilation is not adequate. Contract with a ventilation consultant who has a proven track record of designing effective firing range ventilation systems. 

Perform regular maintenance to keep the system running well. Use good housekeeping practices. Keep all work areas free from lead by regular cleaning. Cleaning should be done using either a special toxic dust vacuum ("HEPA" vacuum) or Lead Hazards At Indoor Firing Ranges by wet mopping. Never dry sweep the range. This increases exposure and spreads contamination by kicking up lead dust. 

Minimize airborne lead dust while cleaning the bullet trap. Where possible, Lead Hazards At Indoor Firing Ranges debris trays should be emptied inside closed plastic bags. Debris should be repeatedly misted with water during all shoveling operations. New bullet trap designs which do notrequire cleaning are best and also save time. Train employees about lead safety. 

All employees should receive training on how to work safely in lead exposure areas. Training increases employee awareness of health and safety conditions and provides them with information and Lead Hazards At Indoor Firing Ranges skills to protect themselves on the job. Provide employees with respirators. Fit-tested respirators should be worn during all cleaning operations. 

Employees should use at least a half-mask respirator with P-100 (HEPA) filters while cleaning the range. Atleast a fullface respirator with P-100 (HEPA) filters should be worn while cleaning the bullet trap. Provide employees with protective clothing. Employees should wear disposable coveralls, head covering, and Lead Hazards At Indoor Firing Ranges shoe coverings when cleaning the range and the bullet trap. 

Employees should not wear work clothing or shoes home. Lead dustis carried on work clothes and shoes from the range to employees' homes and vehicles, putting their children and other household members atrisk of lead poisoning. Prohibit eating, drinking and Lead Hazards At Indoor Firing Ranges smoking in the work areas. Require employees to wash their hands, forearms, and face before breaks, lunch, and atthe end of their work shift. 

Establish an on-going lead medical program. Find a licensed physician to supervise a lead medical program. The program should include lead-specific medical exams, periodic blood lead level and Lead Hazards At Indoor Firing Ranges zinc protoporphyrin testing, and an exam of medicalfitness forrespirator use. The physician should be familiar with the medical surveillance requirements of the Cal/OSHA General Industry Lead Standard. 

If the initial determination reveals employee exposure to be below the action level further exposure determination need not be repeated except as otherwise provided in subsection (d)(7). (B) If the initial determination or subsequent determination reveals employee exposure to be at or above the action level but at or Lead Hazards At Indoor Firing Ranges below the PEL the employer shall perform monitoring in accordance with this subsection atleast every 6 months. 

The employer shall continue monitoring at the required frequency until at least two consecutive measurements, Lead Hazards At Indoor Firing Ranges taken at least 7 days apart, are below the action level at which time the employer may discontinue monitoring for that employee except as otherwise provided in subsection (d)(7). (C) If the initial determination reveals that employee exposure is above the PEL the employer shall perform monitoring quarterly. 

The employer shall continue monitoring at the required frequency until atleast two consecutive measurements, Lead Hazards At Indoor Firing Ranges taken atleast 7 days apart, are at or below the PEL but at or above the action level at which time the employer shallrepeat monitoring forthat employee at the frequency specified in subsection (d)(6)(B), except as otherwise provided in subsection (d)(7). 

The employer shall continue monitoring at the required frequency until at least two consecutive measurements, Lead Hazards At Indoor Firing Ranges taken at least 7 days apart, are below the action level at which time the employer may discontinue monitoring for that employee except as otherwise provided in subsection (d)(7).

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