Lead Paint Removal >> Lead Poisoning Causes Health Problems

Current Cal/OSHA (California Division of Occupational Safety and Health) and Federal OSHA (Occupational Safety and Health Administration) regulations tie BLL testing requirements to air monitoring. Employers must do initial air monitoring and, if air lead concentrations are above 30 µg/m3 more than 30 days per year, Lead Poisoning Causes Health Problems employers are required to provide employees with BLL testing. 

Since many employers never conduct the required air monitoring, the BLL testing requirement is not triggered. In addition, Lead Poisoning Causes Health Problems tying BLL testing to air monitoring misses possible dangerous ingestion exposure that can occur even when airborne lead levels are low. 

OLPPP has recommended to Cal/OSHA that the lead standards be revised to require that BLL testing be provided to all workers who use, alter, or Lead Poisoning Causes Health Problems disturb lead or lead-containing materials in a way that releases lead dust, mist, fume, or other particles. 

If this recommendation were adopted we expect that the number of workers receiving a BLL test would increase significantly, Lead Poisoning Causes Health Problems allowing OLPPP to provide a more complete picture of workplace lead exposure in California in the future. Cal/OSHA has initiated the Advisory Committee process for revising its two lead standards covering general industry and construction. 

CDPH staff is actively participating in this process. For more information and to read CDPH/OLPPP's recommendations. For the vast majority of BLL reports (80%), Lead Poisoning Causes Health Problems we do not know the individual's employer. This greatly hinders our ability to determine whether lead exposure is work-related and identify employers where lead is a problem. 

In the future, Lead Poisoning Causes Health Problems we hope to improve reporting regulations so that laboratories are required to report employer information to CDPH for all adult BLL tests. Conclusion Overexposure to lead continues to be a serious occupational health problem in California. Between 2008 and 2011 thousands of workers with elevated BLLs were reported to the California Occupational Blood Lead Registry. 

These individuals are at risk for serious long-term effects on their health. Many additional workers may be overexposed without knowing it, Lead Poisoning Causes Health Problems because many lead-exposed workers never get a BLL test. OLPPP will continue its efforts toward improving the Cal/OSHA lead standards so that more workers will receive BLL testing. 

We used to think that a blood lead level less than 40 µg/dL would not damage an adult's health. Recent studies have shown harmful effects at much lower levels. Doctors now Lead Poisoning Causes Health Problems recommend that adult blood lead levels be kept below 10 µg/dL. Low levels of lead in adults can: u Increase blood pressure – may increase the chances of having a heart attack or stroke. 

Decrease brain function – makes it more difficult to think, learn, and remember. Decrease kidney function – makes it more difficult to get rid of toxic waste products through the urine. Harm the physical and Lead Poisoning Causes Health Problems mental development of a baby before it's born. Increase chances of having a miscarriage. Health damage from lead can be permanent. 

It can occur even if workers have no symptoms and may not show up until many years later. If your business uses or disturbs lead, Lead Poisoning Causes Health Problems you need to: u Provide your employees with a blood lead level test. Take steps to keep lead dust and fume levels low. Your business could be using or disturbing lead if you: Make or repair radiators  

Make or recycle batteries Recycle scrap metal or electronics Melt, cast, or grind lead, brass, or Lead Poisoning Causes Health Problems bronze Make or glaze ceramics Operate a shooting range Remove or disturb paint or coatings Remodel homes and buildings Tear down buildings, bridges, or tanks Cut, weld, or saw lead-containing metal  

Use solder This is not a complete list. Check the Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) or the chemical composition sheet for the products and Lead Poisoning Causes Health Problems materials you use. What is a blood lead level test? A blood lead level test measures the amount of lead in a person's blood. 

A blood lead test is the best way to measure a worker's exposure to lead from breathing or accidentally swallowing it. Blood lead test results are Lead Poisoning Causes Health Problems reported in micrograms of lead per deciliter of blood (µg/dL or mcg/dL). Who should do blood lead level testing? You should provide blood lead level testing for your employees if you use or disturb lead or lead-containing products in your business. 

Blood lead testing is the easiest and Lead Poisoning Causes Health Problems most cost effective way to know if your employees are exposed to too much lead. What level of lead is safe? We don't know if there is any safe level of lead. However, some of the harmful effects of lead have been seen at very low levels. Scientists and doctors now recommend that blood lead levels be kept below 10 µg/dL. 

Pregnant women or women considering pregnancy should not have a blood lead level above 5 µg/dL. People who aren't exposed to lead at Lead Poisoning Causes Health Problems work typically have a blood lead level less than 2 µg/dL. How can I have my employees tested? You need to arrange for a medical doctor to order a blood lead level test. You should pay for the test. 

A blood lead level test usually costs between $40 and $100 per test. What happens with the results of the tests? The laboratory sends the results to the doctor who ordered the test. The doctor will share the results with the employee and Lead Poisoning Causes Health Problems with you. What do I do with the results? Review the results to see how you're doing at protecting your employees from lead. 

If everyone is below 10 µg/dL, continue what you're doing and retest in 6 months or sooner. If anyone is above 10 µg/dL, Lead Poisoning Causes Health Problems you need to take steps to improve lead safety. See the fact sheet Lead Safety– Doing It Right for more information on how to lower lead exposure. Retest in 6 months or sooner. 

You may not be able to get everyone's blood lead level below 10 right away. But if you take action, Lead Poisoning Causes Health Problems your employees' levels will come down over time. Occupational Lead Poisoning Prevention Program California Department of Public Health, Occupational Health Branch 850 Marina Bay Parkway, Building P, Third Floor, Richmond, CA 94804 

Blood lead testing is the easiest Lead Poisoning Causes Health Problems and most cost effective way to know if your employees are exposed to too much lead. Keeping blood lead levels low can be challenging, but staying on top of lead safety will protect your employees and your business.

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