Lead Paint Removal >> Lead Poisoning Questions And Answers

California has enacted landmark legislation to prevent childhood lead poisoning. This legislation has established the Childhood Lead Poisoning Prevention Branch (CLPPB), a children's environmental health program offering multi-layered solutions to this complex problem. What is lead poisoning? Lead is a natural mineral that has been Lead Poisoning Questions And Answers used in many products.  

Lead is harmful to the human body. There is no known safe level of lead in the body. Small amounts of lead can build up in the body and cause lifelong learning and Lead Poisoning Questions And Answers behavior problems. Buildup of lead in the body is referred to as lead poisoning. Lead Poisoning is the most common environmental illness in California children.  

LEAD POISONING IS PREVENTABLE! The United States has taken many Lead Poisoning Questions And Answers steps to remove sources of lead, but lead is still around us. Lead in paint was severely restricted in 1978. Lead solder in food cans was banned in the 1980s. Lead in gasoline was removed during the early 1990s. Who should worry about lead poisoning?  

Children under six years old and fetuses are at greatest risk of harmful health effects from lead poisoning. Their brains and Lead Poisoning Questions And Answers nervous systems are still forming. They frequently crawl on floors or furniture contaminated with lead dust and put their hands or other objects in their mouths. More of the lead that gets into their mouth is taken up into their bodies. 

Much of the lead is stored in their bones. Lead can be measured in their blood and remains in their bodies for a long time. Those children at high risk of getting lead into their bodies are: Young children under six years of age who spend time in homes, childcare centers, or Lead Poisoning Questions And Answers buildings built before 1978 that have chipping or peeling paint. (The old paint may still have lead in it.)  

Young children who play in bare soil. (They may get it in their mouths.) Young children who eat non-food items. (This behavior is known as "pica.") This may be more common in children with a diet low in iron and calcium. Children who have recently come from or Lead Poisoning Questions And Answers who spend time in other countries where more lead is found.  

Infants born to mothers with an elevated level of lead in their blood would be at risk for lead poisoning. Lead crosses the placenta and has harmful effects on the fetus. Pregnant women exposed to lead should ask their doctor about a blood test. Adults who work in jobs or Lead Poisoning Questions And Answers hobbies where they work with lead may bring the lead dust home on their clothes or equipment and expose household members. 

(For more on job or hobby lead poisoning, see the Occupational Lead Poisoning Prevention Program.) Back to the top What are common sources of lead? Lead-based paint (pre-1978). It may have been used both inside and outside of a home and Lead Poisoning Questions And Answers on furniture or objects in the home. Children may eat paint chips or chew on the surfaces of cribs, highchairs, windows, woodwork, walls, doors, or railings.  

Lead-contaminated soil. Lead may be in the soil where children play, especially near busy roadways or Lead Poisoning Questions And Answers factories. The lead from gasoline used for many years has settled onto soil and is difficult to remove. This soil may also be tracked inside on shoes and clothing. Lead-contaminated dust from paint or soil. 

It clings to windowsills, floors, doorways and children's toys, and Lead Poisoning Questions And Answers is dangerous to young children who crawl and often put their hands and other objects in their mouths. Take-home exposure in the dust brought home on clothing, equipment, or in the car or truck driven from work. Lead dust can also come from hobbies that use lead. 

Some common jobs and Lead Poisoning Questions And Answers hobbies that use lead include: Battery manufacturing, radiator repair, construction, soldering, recycling, painting, demolition, scrap metal recycling, working with stained glass, pottery making, target shooting, and casting fishing weights. Imported food in cans that are sealed with lead solder. 

Some countries other than the United States still allow lead solder in food cans. Cans that have lead solder have very wide seams. Imported home remedies and Lead Poisoning Questions And Answers imported cosmetics may contain lead. They often are imported from the Middle East, Southeast Asia, India, the Dominican Republic, or Mexico. The remedies are often bright yellow or orange in color. 

Examples include: Alarcon, Alkohl, Azarcon, Bali goli, Bint al zahab, Coral, Greta, Farouk, Ghasard, Kandu, Kohl, Liga, Litargirio, Lozeena, Pay-loo-ah, Sindoor, and Surma. There are many others. Imported or handmade pottery and Lead Poisoning Questions And Answers tableware with leaded glaze. The lead from the glaze gets into food and beverages when these ceramics are used for cooking or storing food.  

Imported candies or foods, especially from Mexico, containing chili or tamarind may contain lead. Lead can be found in candy, wrappers, pottery containers, Lead Poisoning Questions And Answers and in certain ethnic foods, such as chapulines (dried grasshoppers). Some frequently asked questions and information about lead in candy can be found here: 

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) about Lead and Lead-Contaminated Products Metal jewelry. Lead has been found in inexpensive children's jewelry sold in vending machines across the country. It also has been found in inexpensive metal amulets worn for good luck or Lead Poisoning Questions And Answers protection. Some costume jewelry designed for adults has also been found to contain lead. 

It is important to make sure that children don't handle, mouth or swallow any jewelry. Summary of Risks and Lead Poisoning Questions And Answers Sources of Lead Poisoning: Young children are at the greatest risk for lead poisoning because they play and crawl inside and outside buildings built before 1978 and in soil and dust that may contain lead. 

Also, children between 12 and 24 months of age often have their hands or toys in their mouths. To help prevent lead-tainted soil and dust from reaching your child, Lead Poisoning Questions And Answers click here for Simple Steps to Protect Your Child From Lead Poisoning (PDF) There are ways to test an item for lead content. Please contact your local Childhood Lead Poisoning Prevention Program for more information. 

If your county does not have a local Childhood Lead Poisoning Prevention Program, contact your local health department or Lead Poisoning Questions And Answers the Childhood Lead Poisoning Prevention Branch office. How does lead harm a child? Lead poisoning can harm a child's nervous system and brain when they are still forming.  

Lead can lead to a low blood count (anemia). Small amounts of lead in the body can make it hard for children to learn, pay attention, and succeed in school. Higher amounts of lead exposure can damage the nervous system, kidneys, and Lead Poisoning Questions And Answers other major organs. Very high exposure can lead to seizures or death. How do I know if my child has lead poisoning?  

Most children who have lead poisoning do not look or act sick. Symptoms, if present, may be confused with common childhood complaints, such as stomachache, crankiness, headaches, or Lead Poisoning Questions And Answers loss of appetite. The only way to know if your child has lead poisoning is for the child to get a blood test for lead. 

Talk to your child's health care provider to see if your child is at risk for lead poisoning. Your child may need a blood test for lead. Children age 12 months and 24 months who are enrolled in publicly funded health care such as Medi-Cal, Child Health and Disability Prevention Program (CHDP), Lead Poisoning Questions And Answers and the Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children (WIC), or Healthy Families are at high risk and should be tested. 

Cost for the test is covered by government health programs and Lead Poisoning Questions And Answers most health insurance plans. Children enrolled in publicly-funded health care who are between 24 months and 6 years old that have not been tested at the appropriate times, should be tested. 

Young children under six years of age who spend time in homes, childcare centers, or Lead Poisoning Questions And Answers buildings built before 1978 that have chipping or peeling paint should be tested. Any infant or child who is thought to be at risk or comes in contact with items that may contain lead should be tested. (See "What are the common sources of lead?".

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