Flood Damage >> Flooded Areas With Lead-based Paint Tennessee

(ATLANTA – May 26, 2010) – Due to recent flooding in western and central Tennessee, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) in Region 4 wants to ensure that families are not at increased risk for lead poisoning, because of clean up and/or Flooded Areas With Lead-based Paint Tennessee repair work. 

EPA urges pregnant women and children to keep away from work that could disturb lead-based paint and that those working on potential lead-based paint surfaces take precautions to prevent the spread of lead dust. Lead dust may pose a hazard to children and pregnant women during flood clean up. Lead contaminated dust is the most significant source of Flooded Areas With Lead-based Paint Tennessee lead exposure for children. 

Common renovation activities like sanding, cutting and demolition can create hazardous lead dust and chips by disturbing lead-based paint, Flooded Areas With Lead-based Paint Tennessee which can be harmful to adults and children. Lead-based paint was used in more than 38 million homes until it was banned for residential use in 1978. Lead exposure can cause reduced IQ, learning disabilities, development delays and behavioral problems in young children. 

The Renovation, Repair, and Painting Rule (RRP) requires that workers disturbing lead-based paint be trained and certified, notify residents of the lead dust hazard, Flooded Areas With Lead-based Paint Tennessee and follow lead safe work practices, in order to reduce exposure to lead dust. Because of the emergency nature of the flood work, EPA has issued guidance that the RRP rule emergency provisions will be in effect until June 30, 2010. 

Work covered under the RRP rule on flood damaged housing will not require advance notice or trained renovators to remove materials from homes. Volunteer workers, Flooded Areas With Lead-based Paint Tennessee who do not receive compensation for work, are not required to be certified, but should educate themselves about lead-safe work practices, so as not to inadvertently cause hazards for themselves or other family members. 

The RRP program mandates that contractors, property managers and others working for compensation, in homes and Flooded Areas With Lead-based Paint Tennessee child-occupied facilities built before 1978, must be trained and use lead-safe work practices. They are also required to provide a copy of the lead pamphlet "Renovate Right; Important Lead Hazard Information for Families, Child Care Providers and Schools” to owners and occupants before starting renovation work. 

This demonstration project provided critical information about the cost of and Flooded Areas With Lead-based Paint Tennessee best approaches for decontaminating homes that were damaged by flooding from Hurricanes Katrina and Rita. The project team selected three homes, owned by low- or moderate-income families, that experienced between two to six feet of water above the first floor. 

NCHH supervised the health aspects of the program, including before-and-after environmental testing, Flooded Areas With Lead-based Paint Tennessee worker protection issues, and documentation of the costs and procedures. A committee of healthy housing experts and scientists provided advice regarding the demolition, decontamination, and worker protection approaches to be used by the project team. 

Following the completion of the demonstration, the project team published a "how-to" guide (Creating a Healthy Home: A Field Guide for Clean-up of Flooded Homes) and a video (Mold Clean-up Guidance for New Orleans Area Residents Affected by Hurrican Katrina) for contractors, Flooded Areas With Lead-based Paint Tennessee community-based housing organizations, homeowners, and tradespeople who are involved in the cleanup and rebuilding efforts. 

Owner-occupied one-story house, Flooded Areas With Lead-based Paint Tennessee roughly 100 years old. It is a raised home on piers that received at least five feet of flooding. Mold growth was found up to the ceiling of the house. Mold Removal Treatment Work was conducted November 15 to November 17, 2005. Final Biocide spray was applied on December 2. Possessions were removed and discarded. 

All wallboard on walls, insulation, and lathe were removed. Studs, ceiling, bath tile in both baths, Flooded Areas With Lead-based Paint Tennessee and materials backing tile were left in place. All surfaces were cleaned with a bleach/detergent solution. Studs were HEPA vacuumed. Studs were sprayed with a borate solution. Health Risks: In this home, live mold spores in the air were greater than 1,000 times normal background levels during demolition. 

Our sampling showed live mold levels in the millions during the remediation process. We did not sample for a full spectrum of contaminants, Flooded Areas With Lead-based Paint Tennessee but data collected by the EPA did not show significant levels of any of the 200 chemicals that were tested. Numerous EPA samples did reveal elevated bacterial levels. 

Effectiveness: In this home that experienced at least five feet of standing water for at least two weeks, Flooded Areas With Lead-based Paint Tennessee we have successfully reduced the mold to non-detectable levels. The drying process and cleaning of all surfaces in a home, including upper walls and ceilings, are critical to the success of the clean-up. 

Cost Information: The cost of this decontamination process, after all possessions and furnishing have been removed, Flooded Areas With Lead-based Paint Tennessee is between $3.40 to $4.10 per square foot of floor area or about $4,400 for an average 1,200 square foot home. Homes flooded 18" deep will cost between $32,000 and $47,000 to complete repairs after decontamination. 

Homes flooded 6' deep will cost between $78,000 and $120,000. Worker Protection: We know that homeowners and workers are being exposed to very high levels of mold, Flooded Areas With Lead-based Paint Tennessee and we are very concerned about respiratory problems and other health effects. We are recommending that homeowners or others entering the home to remove belongings or perform other activities that would not disturb mold use an N-95 mask and limit their exposure to 15-minute increments. 

We recommend that workers and others spending longer periods in the building wear N- or P-100 masks. These respirators provide a good level of protection, Flooded Areas With Lead-based Paint Tennessee but do not screen out all of the spores that may be present in a home. They are rated by OSHA as having a protection factor of 10, which clearly is not sufficient when the mold levels are in the millions (colony forming units/cubic meter of air). 

Power air-purifying respirators (PAPR's) provide the highest level of protection, Flooded Areas With Lead-based Paint Tennessee but at a cost over $500, are less affordable to most homeowners. Workers should also wear goggles, plastic gloves, and disposable coveralls. If protective clothing is not worn, clothes should be washed after each day.

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