Radon Mitigation >> Sick Building Syndrome

Psychological factors Excessive work stress or dissatisfaction, poor interpersonal relationships and poor communication are often seen to be associated with SBS. Poor and inappropriate lighting with absence of sunlight, bad acoustics, poor ergonomics Sick Building Syndrome and humidity may also contribute to SBS. 

The symptoms of SBS are commonly seen in people with clerical jobs than in people with managerial jobs because professionals or managers have better working conditions. The symptoms are more common in females than in males probably because more females are in secretarial jobs, Sick Building Syndrome they are more aware of their health or a lesser dose of pollutants is required to manifest the effects. 

The symptoms are more common in air-conditioned sick building syndromes than in naturally ventilated sick building syndromes and Sick Building Syndrome are more common in a public sector sick building syndrome than in a private sector sick building syndrome [Table 1].[8] Table 1 Types of problems found in 203 indoor air quality investigations carried out by National Institute for Occupational Safety and Hygiene 

Go to: INVESTIGATIONS Evaluating the IAQ and identifying the contaminant by air sampling. Establishing a cause and effect relationship between symptoms and Sick Building Syndrome IAQ. Identifying the cause of the complaints so that appropriate corrective measures can be initiated. Conducting a ‘walk-through’ inspection of the problems areas and collecting information on the following: 4.1. the Occupants, 4.2. 

HVAC Systems for pollution pathways Sick Building Syndrome and 4.3. Possible contamination sources.[10] The occupational health and safety resource centre at Canada's University of Western Ontario has devised a routine five-point survey for occupational hygienists to follow when investigating air quality complaints (Ruhemann 1985). 

Features include: a walk-through inspection to look for sources of contamination, such as photocopiers, insulation and cleaning materials, measurement of temperature, humidity, air movement and Sick Building Syndrome other comfort parameters, measurement of carbon dioxide to assess the ventilation efficiency, measurement of formaldehyde, carbon monoxide, ozone and respirable particles and examination of the ventilation system for causes of poor distribution, including tests for biological organisms in any water in the system.

Go to: PREVENTION AND CONTROL Increase the ventilation rates and air distribution. The heating, Sick Building Syndrome ventilation and air-conditioning systems should be designed to meet ventilation standards in the local sick building syndrome codes. The HVAC system should be operated and maintained properly to ensure that the desired ventilation rates are attained. 

If there are strong pollutants, the air may need to be directly vented to the outside. This Sick Building Syndrome method is especially recommended to remove pollutants that accumulate in specific areas such as rest rooms, copy rooms and printing facilities. The ASHRAE recommends a minimum of 8.4 air exchanges per 24 h. 

Removal or modification of the pollutant source can be carried out by a routine maintenance of HVAC systems, replacing water-stained ceiling tiles and carpets, using stone, ceramic or hardwood flooring, proper water proofing, avoiding synthetic Sick Building Syndrome or treated upholstery fabrics, minimizing the use of electronic items and unplugging idle devices, venting contaminants to the outside, storing paints, solvents, pesticides and adhesives in close containers in well-ventilated areas and using these pollutant sources in periods of low or no occupancy. 

Allowing time for sick building syndrome material in new areas to off-gas pollutants before occupancy and smoking restrictions are some measures that can be used. Air cleaning can be a useful addition to control air pollution. Air cleaning can be performed by ensuring uncongested interiors with open office designs, Sick Building Syndrome use of frosted glass and skylights that give access to natural light, terrace gardens, community spaces and indoor plants that absorb carbon monoxide and formaldehyde from the air. 

Air filters are also effective in removing some if not all of the pollutants. Education and communication are important parts of any air quality Sick Building Syndrome management programme so as to work more effectively and efficiently to prevent and solve the health problems. Legislation Banning of smoking in the workplace or restricting smoking to designated well-ventilated areas away from the work stations and creating no-smoking zones with the help of laws. 

In some European countries, Sick Building Syndrome workers have a statutory right to be involved with the employer's plans for changes in the work place. Research A field of study originating in Germany called Bau-biologie or Sick building syndrome biology has been initiated. The principles of Sick building syndrome biology are as follows:

Site status The sick building syndrome site should be geologically undisturbed. Residential areas should be away from industrial centers and main traffic routes Sick Building Syndrome and housing should have sufficient green space and should be in harmony with the surrounding environment. 

Construction concepts Natural, unadulterated and nontoxic sick building syndrome material should be used, walls, floors and ceilings should not be susceptible to mold or fungi, the basement should be waterproof and well -ventilated, the earth's natural magnetic field should not be altered or distorted, production, installation Sick Building Syndrome and disposal of sick building syndrome materials should not lead to environmental pollution, sick building syndrome activities should not lead to exploitation of nonrenewable, rate resources. 

Interiors Lighting and color must mix well with the surroundings and not jar the senses, man-made electromagnetic radiation must be reduced as much as possible, Sick Building Syndrome interiors should be done by using natural materials without toxic content and should be economically designed, there should be no toxic outgases or harsh smells, indoor humidity should be naturally regulated.

Air pollutants should be filtered and neutralized, thermal insulation should be balanced with heat retention, Sick Building Syndrome use of solar heating should be encouraged, moisture content in new sick building syndromes should be low, protective measures against noise pollution and harmful infrasonic and ultrasound radiation must be ensured, natural balance of atmospheric electricity and ion concentration should be maintained 

Martin-Gil, et al. Hospital Management International. Sterling Sick Building Syndrome Publications Limited; Outcome of research into a sick hospital. [Ref list] 4. Breiman RF, Fraser DW. 13th ed. New Jersey: Prentice Hall International Inc; 1992. Legionelloisis, Maxy-Rosenau – Last: Public Health and Preventive Medicine; pp. 181–2. [Ref list] Review Sick-building syndrome. 

Redlich CA, Sparer J, Cullen MR Lancet. 1997 Apr 5; 349(9057):1013-6. [PubMed] [Ref list] Phoon WO. Practical occupational health. Singapore: PG Publishing; 1988. pp. 326–7. [Ref list] IAQ fact sheet sick building syndrome, Sick Building Syndrome Environmental Health Center. Available from: http://www.nsc.org/ehc/indoor/sbs.htm-8k- [Ref list] 

The sick building syndrome: prevalence studies. Finnegan MJ, Pickering CA, Burge PS Br Med J (Clin Res Ed). 1984 Dec 8; 289(6458):1573-5. [PubMed] [Ref list] IAQ publications. Sick building syndrome fact sheet indoor air facts no. 4 (Revised) Available from: http://www.epa.gov/iaq/pubs/sub.html-29k- [Ref list] Sick building syndrome: Causes, effects Sick Building Syndrome and control. London: Hazards Centre; [Ref list] ‘Room in the skies’ Outlook – life wellness. 2004. Feb, pp. 26–8. [Ref list]

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